The BALTOPS exercises are among the largest and most important in the Baltic Sea. They date back to the 1970s. The first manoeuvres in the Baltic took place in 1972 and were aimed at increasing the interoperability of NATO member states. Naval units of the United States, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany and Norway participated. After the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the number of participating states increased. In 1993, along with other former Eastern Bloc countries, Poland joined the exercise for the first time. Over time, cooperation with Sweden and Finland was strengthened as part of the manoeuvres in the Baltic Sea.
Marine, air and land units involved in tactical and operational tasks focus on carrying out defensive actions, complex maritime and landing operations. Currently, the BALTOPS exercise focuses on combating asymmetric threats, such as:
cooperation in countering cyber attacks,
monitoring and responding to information threats,
coordinating actions in case of attacks on critical infrastructure.